But that has all changed of late. The difficult investment environment post-2008 has motivated asset managers to look for new ways to reduce post-trade costs that could detract from portfolio performance, e.g., ticket charges, commissions and cost of settlement errors. Similarly for broker/dealers, the downward pressure on commissions has created an imperative for them to consider ways to make their post-trade process more efficient and cost-effective.
With this goal in mind, key players in the investment industry have collaborated to establish a global standard for post-trade. For many of the reasons I will highlight, the Financial Information eXchange (FIX) Protocol has been identified and adopted as this standard.
FIX: A natural extension of the trading platform
Ease of implementation is an important reason the FIX platform appeals to asset managers and broker/dealers alike. The vast majority of the world’s trades are executed utilizing FIX, and as such, having the same protocol support portfolio management, trading and post-trade is a natural decision for most firms.
Although FIX has supported trade allocation since the 1990s, the enhanced workflow of FIX v4.4, coupled with the addition of comprehensive confirmation and affirmation detail, has enabled the development of complete post-trade solutions.
With both pre- and post-trade systems using a common messaging standard, the stage is now set to achieve true straight through processing (STP), i.e., a fully automated investment process from pre-trade to execution to settlement. After decades of striving to achieve STP, the industry is now much closer to achieving this goal.
Cost reduction, efficiency and risk mitigation
The FIX protocol, with its proven track record in supporting trade execution, offers numerous benefits for post-trade, including:
- significant cost reduction due to industry wide use of an open, common standard;
- increased operational efficiency through ease of integration with order management and trade execution systems to achieve near real-time performance; and,
- risk mitigation implicit in the availability of multiple vendors and FIX networks, which minimizes a single point of failure.
The success of these firms in achieving a more efficient and cost-effective post-trade process will serve as a catalyst for the entire industry to adopt the new standard. Moreover, the continued collaboration of industry participants will extend FIX post-trade to additional asset classes, such as fixed income and derivatives.
A game changer for the investment management industry
The asset management industry is migrating towards a proven, global standard for post-trade, one that enables both buy-side and sell-side firms to lower costs, mitigate risk and increase operational efficiency. Several large investment firms and broker/dealers are leading the way, and their success will motivate the rest of the industry to follow suit. While consideration of the FIX protocol for post-trade may still be on the drawing board for some firms — the train, as they say, has left the station.
Ignatius John is the president of Alpha Omega Financial Systems--an innovator in post-trade technology. Considered by many to be an IT visionary in the securities industry, Ignatius is recognized as a pioneer in the use of the FIX protocol for post-trade. As Global Trading Strategist at AXA Rosenberg, Ignatius implemented a complete post-trade solution in 2008 using the FIX protocol. In various roles at AXA Rosenberg over two decades, Ignatius managed business strategy, product and technology development. He has a proven track record of implementing functional improvements to the investment process, from pre- to post-trade in the US, Asia and Europe. Alpha Omega's post-trade solution FIXAffirm is based on the industry standard FIX protocol.