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Capital Markets Outlook 2013: A Cloud Reality Check for HFT Shops?

Algorithmic providers and high-frequency trading shops are running complex calculations in the public cloud, but the economics of storing big data may not be so cheap.

Why it's Important: High-speed trading shops and developers of trading algorithms are sifting through big data to find alphas in equity markets and other asset classes. They're using open source technologies such as Hadoop to chug through the data. Rather than purchase their own servers, firms can rent 300 virtual machines without incurring capital expenditures. Thus, many firms are turning to Amazon's EC2 cloud to access hundreds of virtual machines for processing analytics, back testing and storage of market data. The availability of elastic computing as a utility through Amazon EC2 and other cloud providers enables firms to rent processing power by the hour.

Where the Industry Is Now: Quantitative firms are generating tons of data from testing their strategies across an array of processors. Tradeworx, a firm engaged in high-frequency trading strategies, leverages the Amazon cloud for testing and running its own strategies. "We use the cloud for storage, for security and backup," said Manoj Narang, CEO at Tradeworx, speaking on a September Wall Street & Technology webcast. "We use it for automation, and we use it for speed, which is the ability to parallelize computations."

Facing a similar big data issue, Deep Value, a developer of algorithms, backtests its algorithms "on a multitude of orders across many months of historic data," says CEO Harish Devarajan. To gain an edge, it also must simulate how the algos would have worked across hundreds of days of trading. The next phase is to ask "what if" questions of the data from hundreds of machines, which actually creates a new problem--"storing an ocean of data," Devarajan says.

Focus in 2013: Financial firms are all storing the same market data and time series data in the cloud, which is wasting money, contends Adam Honore, research director at Aite Group, a research and consulting firm. After running tests and simulations, historical data storage could be a shared expense, Honore says. "All the time series [data] could get stored for everybody," he says.

Cloud providers like Amazon could create an ecosystem around the providers of time series data. For instance, if a provider such as Tick Data is in the cloud, Amazon has no mechanism to tell other financial firms that Tick Data is there storing the same data, Honore says. "At some point, firms like Deep Value and HFT shops and big banks need to say, 'This is stupid. We're all storing this stuff independently.'" Because high-frequency trading firms are highly competitive and regard data as their secret sauce, Honore says that individual transactions and client data should be stored separately. But "I don't necessarily agree that storing that data in the cloud is any less secure than storing it locally."

[HFT Players Struggle to Survive]

Though industry consortiums are time consuming to establish, Honore notes, one focused on sharing data could be useful. "Consortiums may decide they should all be drawing from the same pool [of historical data]," he says. Meanwhile, Deep Value is taking action. The algo developer's utility computing bills are getting so large that it's considering a hybrid approach. "We're buying machines," says Paul Haefele, Deep Value's managing director of technology, noting that it's better to use the cloud for volume spikes. Even so, for privacy, regulatory and confidentiality reasons, financial firms will likely want a hybrid approach where they own and operate their data centers, Haefele says.

Technology Providers: NYSE Technologies launched the Capital Markets Community Platform in June 2011, from its Mahwah, N.J., data center. In September, Amazon Web Services announced a partnership with Nasdaq OMX to offer FinQloud, a service that provides infrastructure and storage for financial data in the cloud to meet regulatory compliance requirements. Amazon Web Services, Google and IBM operate global data centers with server farms, offering services in the public cloud. Data center operators Savvis and Equinix are offering private cloud-based services, tailored to the needs of financial services firms.

Price Tag: A firm that's storing a big chunk of historical data for backtesting is paying roughly $3,000 a month, or $4,000 to $6,000 per month for both processing and storage, Aite Group's Honore says. Deep Value pays Amazon $60,000 a year to store 60 terabytes of data compared with paying $200 for a 3-TB hard drive. "Sometimes you don't need to use 300 machines," Haefele says. "It might be cheaper to use real machines than the virtual machines you get in the cloud."

Ivy is Editor-at-Large for Advanced Trading and Wall Street & Technology. Ivy is responsible for writing in-depth feature articles, daily blogs and news articles with a focus on automated trading in the capital markets. As an industry expert, Ivy has reported on a myriad ... View Full Bio

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Joe Brunner
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Joe Brunner,
User Rank: Apprentice
12/27/2012 | 6:10:22 AM
re: Capital Markets Outlook 2013: A Cloud Reality Check for HFT Shops?
-áthe problem with Amazon is the spotty performance. Adrian Cockcroft is probably one of the best parallel systems engineers/designers on the planet. Any HFT or wall street shop would love to have him working for them - if he cant get RKO'd by Amazon EC2 - what do you think will happen to the average $200k per year sys admin on the street?

Our firm Affirmed Systems caters to HFT/Prop traders at NY4 and CH1. We can spin up dozens of really fast instances in no time on ssd raid-10 storage (which is probably 60% as fast as Fusion IO in transfer rate and 50% as fast in IOPS), get a cross connect to a venue and get it all going even at pretty large scale in a few days.

So look around - not every tech provider wants a contract for getting going. I would say our equivalent to EC2's interface to get instances going from self-provisioning will be ready end of January. The billing part will be totally self service with instances priced pretty similar to EC2 - but with 10x to 20x the IOPS and stability :)

Thanks!
joeaffmdsys
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50%
joeaffmdsys,
User Rank: Apprentice
12/27/2012 | 6:10:22 AM
re: Capital Markets Outlook 2013: A Cloud Reality Check for HFT Shops?
-áthe problem with Amazon is the spotty performance. Adrian Cockcroft is probably one of the best parallel systems engineers/designers on the planet. Any HFT or wall street shop would love to have him working for them - if he cant get RKO'd by Amazon EC2 - what do you think will happen to the average $200k per year sys admin on the street?

Our firm Affirmed Systems caters to HFT/Prop traders at NY4 and CH1. We can spin up dozens of really fast instances in no time on ssd raid-10 storage (which is probably 60% as fast as Fusion IO in transfer rate and 50% as fast in IOPS), get a cross connect to a venue and get it all going even at pretty large scale in a few days.

So look around - not every tech provider wants a contract for getting going. I would say our equivalent to EC2's interface to get instances going from self-provisioning will be ready end of January. The billing part will be totally self service with instances priced pretty similar to EC2 - but with 10x to 20x the IOPS and stability :)

Thanks!
APAQUIN070
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50%
APAQUIN070,
User Rank: Apprentice
11/7/2012 | 7:30:14 PM
re: Capital Markets Outlook 2013: A Cloud Reality Check for HFT Shops?
All of the vendors in this space have:-á

1. Inflexible contracts not suited for financial firms, click through acceptance is not how business is done on wall street.-á
2. Vendors talk flexibility, but when the clients set of needs even remotely get custom for Wall Street needs (like getting market data or setting up colo at the proximity venues for trading), term-ácommit-ácomes out with a-ávengeance. Customers want Vendors to LONG the capital-ácommitment-áand let customers SHORT the-ácommit on Hybrid cloud solutions. -á
3. Product Management at the Vendors' firms are simply ill suited for Wall Street. With the exception of NYSE and NASDAQ, there are not enough Capital Markets experienced Product Managers from Wall Street in the cloud Vendors' stables. They are not building elastic solutions or-áinter-operable-ámodules of solutions to address Customer needs for Wall Street. Someone spending their life at VMWare or a big boring telco or colo vendor may be able to talk about a nexus switch and v cloud director specifications, but put them in front of a HFT, Algo or Systematic Trading Managing Director at any Hedge Fund or Wall Street shop and they will fall on their face.-á
4. Vendors need to listen to their own salespeople, pre sales engineers and their customers. Just because you may sit in a magic quadrant of a Research firm does not mean you know more than your customers about their problems and the world they live in.-á

Until these issues are-áacknowledged-áand addressed above, the cloud vendors will continue to have dislocated one off solutions that are next to impossible to manage. Only EC2 seems to have traction, but that is because they make it easy for the sys admins to get their job done.-á
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